Contemporary Buddhism has entered into a dialogue with modernity–cognitive and brain sciences, biological sciences, and evolutionary thinking. Teilhard de Chardin, Thomas Berry, Brian Swimme, and others have been developing what is sometimes called a "new story": a different way of understanding the evolutionary process, which offers an alternative to reductionistic interpretations of Darwinism. This involves a new perspective on the role of human beings in the unfolding of the cosmos, including our relationship to the earth, which is especially important today in light of the ecological crisis. In what ways is this new story compatible with traditional Buddhist teachings? What might "New Buddhism" contribute to it? And what does this new story imply for how we understand and practice Buddhism today?